解读雅思官方指南:你低估了哪些口语拿分点?

雅思官方指南Official Guide是一本被雅思考生低估的书籍,因为在这本书里官方为大家详细解释了如何考,考什么,怎么拿高分,避免被扣分等等详尽的内容;特别是在part3这个最让大家头疼和纠结的部分中,官方也早早地做了以下的说明:
Part 3重要吗?
官方陈述:
If you are aiming for a higher-level score above Band 6, you need to focus much of your presentation time on managing the challenges in Part 3 of the test.
Simon解读:口语要拿6分及其以上,Part3一定是考查重点!
Part 3怎么考?
官方陈述:
  • In part 3 of the speaking test, you will have a conversation related to the part 2 topic
  • The topic in part 3 will be related to the topic of your long turn in part 2, and the long turn is a personal story, and in part 3, you will be asked to have a general discussion on a related topic.
  • Part 3 of the speaking test is the most challenging, and it is here that higher-level candidates have the opportunity to communicate more complex ideas and use a wider range of language structures and vocabulary to express general, rather than personal ideas.
Simon解读:Part3基于Part2的话题而来,考的更加抽象和具体,问题难度趋于多结构和复杂化,对单词和表达的要求也更高,需要使用复杂的语法结构。

Part2和Part3的考题对应关系举例:

Part3考什么?

官方陈述:
In the part 3, you will be asked by the following types of questions, including
  • List items: this is often the opening question
  • Compare: old vs young; men vs women; the past vs the present
  • Speculate about future changes: in technology, in communication
  • Give your personal opinion: some people think that xxx, do you agree that xxx?
  • Give your reasons for your opinion: why do people do xxx?
Simon解读:Part3在5-6分钟左右的时间内考六种题型,分别是列举listing,对比comparison,臆想speculation, 改变change,个人意见personal opinion和原因reasons。而Simon在我的课程体系里会把这六种题目分成三大类做一个家谱family tree式的解读和分析。
Part 3怎么拿高分?
官方陈述:
In part 3 of the speaking test, it is especially important to try to extend your answers
  • Answer the question directly
  • Ask yourself why or how (and explain in details)
  • Share some evidence or give an example
  • Perhaps mention in an alternative or opposite answer
  • If it is relevant, share some of your experience too
Simon解读:在直接回答完问题后,要从多个角度去支撑你的观点,包括了解释,举例,反证,对比和效果,回答逻辑要凸显出起承转合的变换。
遇到不会的Part 3怎么办?
Part 3是考内容吗?
 
官方陈述:
If the examiner asks you to discuss a topic that you are not familiar with, do not be afraid to say this is a topic you have not thought that before. Do this and then try to think through the topic from different solutions, etc. IELTS is not a test of your knowledge, it is a test of your communication ability. The test isn’t necessarily assessing what you say (though it must be relevant to the question), but how you say it.
Simon解读:如果考试内容这么重要,为什么没有第五项评分标准来评价你的内容说的好不好呢?有些考生绞尽脑汁非要想出多么与众不同的观点显得非常高大上,而事实是No one cares!这毕竟是一个语言能力考试而不是工作面试哦,考官的工作和打分过程就是根据四项评分标准来逐一给出加分或者扣分,分别是fluence & coherence 流利度和连贯程度;lexical resources 词汇;grammatical range and accuracy 语法范围和准确度以及pronunciation features 发音特征。
Simon神奇的六边形
简单来说,六边形就是六个角度(请注意,不是六句话的意思)去支持,这也是雅思官方在评分标准解读中对考生的支持,包括了:reasons 原因;effects 效果;comparison 对比;supporting examples 举例;personal experience 个人经验;而Simon把他们有机地整合成了能够迅速用出来的六边形思维:
先接过来问题:yes, I do believe that it is very indispensable to acquire a second language.
具象带入:
For example
Especially
背后的原因/效果
Because
Effects
反证/对比
If/without:
Compared with
找一个具象的靶子带入场景:Especially for those people who plan to study abroad or travel abroad.
背后的原因是:Because they can communicate with local people.
否则呢:Otherwise, misunderstanding or miscommunication is likely to happen, which will be inconvenient.
中国考生的思维习惯导致我们在考试紧张的情况下给出这样的答案:I like xxx, because it is very good, and I can do something with it, and I can do something else with it; so, it is very good. 整个过程都是为了做到不停顿而随便地keep talking,做不到结构,组织和逻辑的拿捏;
更加上有些考生由于紧张且生硬强行一波中翻英把自己以为的英文说给考官听,中式思维加上中式表达让考官非常头大,分数低那是必然的(此处有中枪的请举手!)而六边形是为了让大家冲着西式思维——即看得见摸得着的具象思维去回答。
 
举例:Do you think that learning a second language is important?
 
仅仅是一个简单的具象带入+正说/反说就能够给出一系列的连接词和复杂结构,更不用说大家可以带入更多类似的具象,对着一个靶子讲具体的肯定要比没边际地说抽象的内容来的更流利。
而这种方法可以应用在任何personal opinion的题目中(也是口语的绝大部分题目)毕竟,我们能用的逻辑连接词就这么几种。
Simon解读:I do believe that learning a second language is quite necessary these days; (举一个具象的例子)especially for those who plan to study abroad or travel abroad, since communication lies on language skills (稍微解释一下); conversely(反证), they would(使用了第二虚拟语气) come across misunderstanding or miscommunication with local people.
这样思维结构下的答案简直是对7分评分标准的量身定做:
1. 我们用a range of connectives做到了流利度和连贯性;
2. 我们使用了less common words and replacement words;
3. 我们做到不犯基本语法错误的同时还是用了虚拟语气等复杂语法结构;
4. 对于内容的掌握可以做到语音语调的顺畅和说话的信心。这些都是大家能够短期迅速提升语言表达能力的秘诀!
口语如何提高?
官方陈述:
Record yourself speaking. This will help you understand your strengths and weaknesses better. Practice answering some IELTS-related questions. Listen to the recording and transcribe it, word for word. Analyze what you said carefully, try to identify any errors in grammar, vocabulary or pronunciation and ways in which you could say something more effectively, i.e. use more effective grammar or vocabulary. Ask someone else to check it if possible, too.
Simon解读:当有些考生在分数出来之后总是试图从自己运气不好或者说怀疑被考官识别出来是不是背诵等方面找原因的时候,总是忽略了自己在基础语法硬伤,音标读错,语调不分轻重读,词性不分或者根本不知道怎么答题而造成停顿方面的基本面扣分因素,而这些才是大家要真正提高从而去拿分的,也是有些基础差的考生所不去正视的问题,而这些才是真正决定了你分数的高低。因此必须要有人去纠音和纠错,要跟Simon交语音作业和考前的模考,发现,解决和留意任何可能被扣分的点,才能考试扬长避短,有效拿分哦。

发表评论

:?: :razz: :sad: :evil: :!: :smile: :oops: :grin: :eek: :shock: :???: :cool: :lol: :mad: :twisted: :roll: :wink: :idea: :arrow: :neutral: :cry: :mrgreen: