雅思大作文如何审题?新航道老师教你

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Q
如何能在考试看不懂题目的情况下尽量得分?
A
先尽可能猜测,可以通过修饰补充成分、词根词缀、上下文语义、逻辑关系等。如果实在猜不出来,可以根据已经看懂的部分,联系之前接触过的类似话题进行写作。

Q
一边倒写法,5个段落,相对绝对的写法,是雅思考官倾向的吗?
A
在同意否和利弊分析题目中,的确可以使用一边倒的写法,考官提供一边倒范文的目的是让考生知道文章结构还有其它的可能性,而不是考官的写作习惯。
Q
题目中常见的陷阱词或者容易失分的点都有哪些?
A
(1) 晦涩的题目,如 Millions of dollars are spent on space research every year. Some people argue that the money should be spent on improving living standards on Earth. Do you agree or disagree? The use of mobile phone is as anti-social as smoking. Since smoking is banned in certain places, using mobile phone should be banned as well. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(2)忽略主干,如 some people think that older schoolchildren should learn wide range subjects and develop knowledge, other people think that they should only learn a small number of subjects in details. Discuss and give your own opinion.

(3)忽略比较,如 Some people believe that people who read books can develop more imagination and language skills than those who prefer to watch TV. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Many museums and historical sites are mainly visited by tourists, not local people. Why is this the case and what can be done to attract local people.

(4)忽略绝对词,如 Some people believe that to become the vegetarian is the only way to keep healthy. Do you agree or disagree?

(5)忽略修饰限定,The government should control the amount of violence in films and on television in order to decrease the violent crimes in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this issue?

Some people think it is more important to plant more trees in open area in towns and cities than provide more housing. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(6)雷题目,如 In most countries, prison is the most common solution for thes problem of crime. However, the more effective solution is to provide people with better education so that they do not become criminals. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Traffic and housing problems in major cities can be solved by moving large companies, factories and their employees to the countryside. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

(7)忽略因果,如 Researchers show that overeating is as harmful as smoking. Therefore, advertising for food products should be banned, in the same way as the cigarette advertising is banned in many countries. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Q
让步段落的位置置于开头段之后和结尾段之前的理由和区别?
A
一般建议同学们在写同意与否题型的时候把让步段放在开头段之后,写其它题型可以放在结尾段之前。考虑的因素主要有两个,第一是与开头段承接,第二是主体段之间的逻辑更加流畅。

Q
别人支持A观点,写一段,但是我意见不一样,我支持B观点,写一段,这种逻辑可以接受吗?算让步吗?
A
以经验之谈,尽量不要这样写。Discuss 题型在给出作者观点之前,应该先把双方进行充分的讨论,不要直接写我有不一样的观点B。
Q
如何在每个段落中都保持 Task Response 的高分?
A
TR 对于7分的要求是:回答题目中所有问题;布局平衡,段落分配合理;

结论段完整,有力或升华,不能简单重复;要兼顾正反两方观点。

对于Body 段来说,要态度明确,Main Idea 清晰,Supporting Detail 充分。

Q
大作文的写作分段方式除了四段,五段式还有其他的吗?
A
在真题的 Model Answer 中和我们的七代教材的 Model Essays 里,基本上采用四段和五段式,目前只有C9里有一篇GT 范文为六段式结构。
Q
雅思写作中Discuss Both Views 的时候开头段要不要给观点?
A
Discuss Both Views 可以在开头也可以在结尾给观点,但是Agree or Disagree一定要在开头给观点
前雅思写作考官的回复原话:If the question is “to what extent do you agree or disagree?",and then I will be happy enough just to see a position in the first paragraph of the essay. However, where the question is “discuss both of these views and give your own opinion." I wouldn't necessarily want or need a position at the end of the first paragraph, but I would expect one in the conclusion. For other more obscure questions, again, I wouldn't necessarily expect it in the first paragraph, but definitely in the conclusion.
Q
雅思写作不同题型,如何展开有效审题?
A
不是根据不同题型,而是要真正明白,前半部分的现象或者观点阐述的真正考点或者题目的真正落脚点在哪。比如,常规题目的审题对于考试来说问题不大,主要是注意一些审题的陷阱: 注意到原题干中的并列词(and,or);

摸不清原文的虚实,讨论了不该讨论的东西,忽略了重点:

没有注意到题干中越来越多,越来越细的限定词,将动作(影响或利弊)的承受者进行了扩大/缩小/偏转或过度延伸

Q
Task2大作文题目中的关键词的理解有歧义,官方是不是有倾向的角度,还是任何角度理解都OK?
A
例如:College students leave schools with negative attitude towards learning. What are the reasons? How to change their attitude?该题中 Learning 可以从两个角度理解:1、指学习 2、指学问/知识

官方倾向哪个角度?

没有倾向性。对于 Reasons 和 Solutions 的题目,官方归类于 present your ideas about a topic 或者是 propose a solution to a problem,要求是自圆其说即可

Q
对于Task2写作中,如果考生保持中立的立场,官方是否会认为学生立场不明确,评分较低?
A
具体情况具体分析。比如 Discuss Both Views 的题目中,如果题目当中的两个观点是不可调和的,那么要立场明确。如果两个观点是可以调和的,可以支持二者。

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